Short Study of the 2520 by Randy Moeller

A Short study on the 2520 by Randy Moeller

Please note that this is not an in depth study. The fullness of this study is very deep and we are just giving an outline to it.

There are many that are now commenting on the validity of the 2520 and they go to the Hebrew and point out to us that in Leviticus 26 the “seven times” does not really mean “seven times”. I was curious about this so a comparison between different Bibles was now in order. Note the following Bible Translations:

1)      The Apostolic Bible 2) American Standard Version 3) Bible in Basic English 4)Brenton English Septuagint 5) Contemporary English Version 6)Douay-Rheims 7)Easy to Read Version  8)  English Standard Version 9) Good News Bible 10) God’s Word 11) International Standard Version 12) Jewish Publication Society Bible 13)KJV 14) Literal Translation of the Bible 15) Modern KJV 16) Revised Version 17) Youngs Literal Translation 18) Interlinear Greek & Hebrew

You will also find that the foreign translations also interpret the word “Sheba” (H7651) as seven times. It seems that only Adventists that do not agree with the seven times in Leviticus 26 consider it to be different than stated.

Setting that point aside we need to understand that Leviticus 26 and 25 are tied together. In Leviticus 25 our Lord speaks of Sabbath, land and the rest, also of redemption. It is the understanding of this redemption that becomes important to us. Understanding the redemption and when it takes places is that which sets the tone for the curse found in Leviticus 26.

Lev 25:8-11  And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times(h7651) seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years.  (9)  Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.  (10)  And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.  (11)  A jubile shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of thy vine undressed.

So let us take a look at it in this way:

1)   6       1 (year) 7th year (Rest)

2)   6       1 (year) 7th year (Rest)

3)   6       1 (year) 7th year (Rest)

4)   6       1 (year) 7th year (Rest)

5)   6       1 (year) 7th year (Rest)

6)   6       1 (year) 7th year (Rest)

7)   6       1 (year) 7th year (Rest)

Each prophetic year is equal to 360 days x 7 = 2520 prophetic years. So when you go to Leviticus 26 you have the following.

Lev 26:18-24  And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times (h7651) more for your sins.  (19)  And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass:  (20)  And your strength shall be spent in vain: for your land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruits.  (21)  And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will not hearken unto me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins.  (22)  I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your high ways shall be desolate.  (23)  And if ye will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk contrary unto me;  (24)  Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins.

It can be easily seen how Elder Miller who was led of Angels came to his conclusion. He used a concordance that did not have the Greek or the Hebrew in it, but studied it how it was used in context. You cannot separate Leviticus 25 and 26. Leviticus 25 leads you into 26 and the understanding of the 2520 there is built upon the 2520 in Leviticus 25. Further when you look at Daniel 9 and in particular 9:27.

Dan 9:24-27  Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.  (25)  Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.  (26)  And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.  (27)  And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week (h7620): and in the midst of the week (h7620) he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

These verses are core to Adventist Eschatology. The rebuilding of Jerusalem and the midst of the week are core theological understandings. Now here is where it gets interesting. I have included the definition of the words below and you can see in verse 27 where it says “he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week” that word week is shabua. This word is a derivative of the denominative for of H7651 or derived from H7651 “Sheba”. Yet, when those who accept the 2520 point these things out that are more than strong defense for the 2520 it is ignored and we do not know what we are speaking about. Fascinating!   It is interesting to note that both the BDB and Strongs understand this number to be 7 or 7 times but those who oppose this understanding seek to change the Hebrew.  Christ ministration on this earth was from 27AD to 34 AD and in the midst of that week our Lord was crucified or cut off. That is 1260 Days then it was another 1260 days where the Jews were given to repent and accept Christ. At the stoning of Stephen 1260 days later it was over with. The Gospel message went to the Gentiles. Let us do the math 1260 + 1260 = 2520.

(At the end of this paper you have the Hebrew defined as well as the definition for several other words that are used)

The argument has been presented that the “seven times” should not be read as such. Does the Scripture give us evidence that even though some thing is not completely clear it can be a time prophecy? Take your Bible and go to the following scripture text from Genesis 41 14-39.

How did Joseph interpret the Pharaohs dream? The seven Kine became seven years of plenty and of famine. Further we have a Biblical principle set forth that when something is said twice it is established. So in the story of Joseph we have the example that a verse may not contain specific information yet reveal a reality that was not seen. This was done under inspiration. We know that Joseph was inspired because we also have the story of the Baker and the Butler, they also had dreams that could only be interpreted through inspiration. We have confirmation that Miller was led of Angels in particular the Angel Gabriel who stands next to Christ in the kingdom of Heaven. We have confirmation that Elder Miller was given the commencements of the dates of Prophecy and those commencements include the following dates 677, 457, and 508 yet many are challenged in their belief in regards to it.

So far we have shown that the 2520 is in truth directly related to Leviticus 25, and it is talking about the land and giving it rest. We have shown that there is scriptural evidence that the interpretation of the “seven times” can be seen as a time prophecy though for some since it is not specifically stated it is not such. Let us take a look at some more evidence. There is an additional argument that it is intensity. Let us examine that thought for a moment.

If it is intensity is there a scriptural comparison and we find that there is, in the book of Daniel. We find it in the story of the 3 worthies. Notice what it says in verse 3:19 of Daniel;

Dan 3:19  Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego: therefore he spake, and commanded that they should heat the furnace one seven times more than it was wont to be heated.

It is very clear that one: It was used as a multiplier i.e. “7 x” but when it was used as a multiplier it already had a base point. In other words you were able to actually measure the beginning. The furnace was already hot and it Nebuchadnezzar made it seven times hotter. So is there a base line in for those that say that Leviticus 26 and the “seven times” is a matter of intensity. We should find a baseline for the intensity there in Leviticus 26. Let us look at a couple of verses and find out if there is a base line or a beginning point in order for a measurement to take place.

Lev 26:18-34  And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.  (19)  And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass:  (20)  And your strength shall be spent in vain: for your land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruits.  (21)  And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will not hearken unto me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins.  (22)  I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your high ways shall be desolate.  (23)  And if ye will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk contrary unto me;  (24)  Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins.  (25)  And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant: and when ye are gathered together within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.  (26)  And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.  (27)  And if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary unto me;  (28)  Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.  (29)  And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters shall ye eat.  (30)  And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you.  (31)  And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.  (32)  And I will bring the land into desolation: and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished at it.  (33)  And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste.  (34)  Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye be in your enemies’ land; even then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths.

As we read this through we note the following;

Each of the seven times brings upon the children of Israel a different curse.

    1. Their pride of power is broken and that is related to their ability to produce food, in other words they are to be hit with pestilence verses 18-20
    2. Then beasts which are kingdoms will rob them of their children and cattle. Verse 22
    3. Then sword  combined with pestilence is to be used to bring them under dominion of their enemies. Verse 25
    4. Then famine  in verse 29
    5. In verse 34 it is plainly stated as to why please note:  Lev 26:34-35  Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye be in your enemies’ land; even then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths.  (35)  As long as it lieth desolate it shall rest; because it did not rest in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it. We can see plainly that it was in reference to the Sabbaths of the Land which is what Leviticus 25:4 is speaking about then in Leviticus 25:8 it tells you how it is to be accomplished. Once every 7 years the land is to rest for 49 years and then on the 50 it is to be a jubilee this was mentioned earlier.
    6. Hence we can see from scripture that the curse in Leviticus 26 is tied directly to the 25th chapter. That in the 25th chapter we see that there is a 2520. For seven years of rest is 2520 days.
    7. Further we see that there is not a beginning point as there was in Daniel 3 when the furnace was heated up “seven times” more than it was before. So the argument of “seven times” as intensity does not work in this particular scenario. In order for there to be intensity there has to be a beginning point and it is easily seen that there is not.
    8. In verse 33 of Leviticus 26 we see that the purpose is for the children of Israel to be scattered.
    9. One will not find a beginning point where the curse had already started in order to establish intensity.
    10. It was stated four times, is there a parallel or a place in scripture where can define more clearly what is going on. Let us go to Ezekiel 14.

In Ezekiel 14 we find another parallel to the understanding of the scattering and gathering and the reason for the four sore judgments brought against Israel.

Eze 14:13  Son of man, when the land sinneth against me by trespassing grievously, then will I stretch out mine hand upon it, and will break the staff of the bread thereof, and will send famine upon it, and will cut off man and beast from it:

As in Leviticus 25, we find in Leviticus 26 we also see here in Ezekiel 14 it is when the land “sinneth” that our Lord will break the staff of bread. There are three major understandings here.

That the land itself will rest through famine that will be brought by the Lord

  1. That there will be a spiritual famine – which accompanies the 2520 and the scattering.
  2. That the Land can be in reference to the nation itself.

Is this understanding correct? Please note the following verse:

Eze 14:14  Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should deliver but their own souls by their righteousness, saith the Lord GOD.

Then as you go through verses 13-23 the pattern continues. Our Lord states what happens when the land “sinneth” and then He expands and enlarges the understanding of the curses and states specifically in verse 21 it is His four sore judgments. After each curse is mentioned it speaks of righteousness.

  1. How one is saved is through an individual relationship with Christ.
  2. It is also a warning that each person is responsible for their own salvation.

It is when you come to verse 20 it states specifically that the only way one can be delivered is individually and that the judgments will come. Notice the following similarities:

Leviticus26:26  And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.

Ezekiel 14:13  Son of man, when the land sinneth against me by trespassing grievously, then will I stretch out mine hand upon it, and will break the staff of the bread thereof, and will send famine upon it, and will cut off man and beast from it:

In both Leviticus 26 and Ezekiel 14 you find the four sore judgments; Sword, Famine, Pestilence and beast.

Both speak of the land sinning.

Both speak of the iniquity of Israel.

Both tell us that our Lord will be their God.

Both speak of the remnant.

Both speak of a famine for the word of God.

In examining the comparison between Leviticus and Ezekiel it can be easily seen that these two chapters are related. When you read the third verse of Ezekiel you find the core of the problem:

Eze 14:3  Son of man, these men have set up their idols in their heart, and put the stumblingblock of their iniquity before their face: should I be enquired of at all by them?

The problem had not yet started in Leviticus and it becomes clear that by Ezekiels time it already had. This is confirmed by the last verse of Ezekiel 14:22  Yet, behold, therein shall be left a remnant that shall be brought forth, both sons and daughters: behold, they shall come forth unto you, and ye shall see their way and their doings: and ye shall be comforted concerning the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, even concerning all that I have brought upon it. Ezekiel was born in 622 BC 55 years after the curse had already started in Judah and about 101 years after it had started in Israel.

Is their more evidence that can be given to support the 2520? We have the parallel in the story of Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel 4. We find that the Nebuchadnezzar ended up living as a beast of the field for seven years. This curse was stated four times in Daniel as it was mentioned four times in Leviticus 26 and four times in Ezekiel 14 another parallel.  The word seven that is used is the Aramaic that corresponds directly to H7651. In Daniel why did it specify 7 years? Simply put so that it could be seen it was only to be years for obviously Nebuchadnezzar would not live 2520 years rather 2520 days. So it brought definition on one hand for Nebuchadnezzar for how long he would eat grass as a beast of the field but further it gave those students of prophecy a second witness for it to be a prophecy. How? He was to eat grass as a beast of the field. We see in Lev 26:22 that it was the wild beasts that would take their children here Nebuchadnezzar is a tame beast but what is he eating for seven years? Grass what is grass representative in scripture? If we go to 1Peter 1:24 we see that man is compared to grass and when we go to Isaiah 40:7 scripture is plain that man is compared to grass. So King Nebuchadnezzar a ruler of a nation is eating grass for 7 years the imagery now changes tremendously. We see a pagan king eating grass for 7 years. In other words for 2520 years the Children of Israel both literal and spiritual would be under the dominion of Paganism. The eating of the grass reveals that “Paganism” will through the symbolism of eating the grass restrain the growth of Christianity. After the 2520 years is over with the Grass would be allowed to grow to its full stature. This may be a stretch for some but, for the student of prophecy that imagery is consistent with the understanding that is being portrayed in Leviticus 25 & 26 as well as with the story of Joseph, the story of the 3 worthies and now of Nebuchadnezzar. The question is there more and we find that the answer is yes.

Note the story in Judges 6:1 and Gideon;

Jdg 6:1-2  And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years.  (2)  And the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel: and because of the Midianites the children of Israel made them the dens which are in the mountains, and caves, and strong holds.

Here we see that the Children of Israel were under dominion of Midian for 7 years a mirror of the 2520.

The word 7 is in the Hebrew 7651 meaning the cardinal number seven or “seven times”. The story of Gideon has application for us today, yet is there more and again the answer is yes.

How long did Jacob labor for Leah and Rachel?

He labored 7 years for each Genesis 29:18, 27 and 7 years twice is two 2520’s the story of Leah and Rachel are two 2520’s. It is also interesting to note that Leah was not the prettiest and it was from her Judah her last child comes from. Also it can be seen that Rachael kept the idols close to her heart. She stole them from her father Laban, representing the challenge that Israel would have with idolatry Genesis 31:19.


What have we done here? We have established that the 2520 is found consistently throughout scripture. The wonderful numbered who is Christ consistently brings this number to our remembrance. It is the perfect number, to remind us of the perfect rest found in the Sabbath. It is perfect in its representation in all ways. In this way it is also a perfect prophecy and curse, that prophecy that establishes the Sabbath rest. When did Adventism understand the Sabbath rest it was in that same year of 1844 that the first ministers started keeping the Sabbath. Note the following quote:

The Sabbath was first introduced to the attention of the Advent people at Washington, N.H. A faithful Seventh-day Baptist sister, Mrs. Rachel D. Preston, from the State of New York, having removed to this place, brought with her the Sabbath of the Lord. Here she became interested in the doctrine of the glorious advent of the Saviour at hand. Being instructed in this subject by the Advent people, she in turn instructed them in the commandments of God, and as early as 1844, nearly the entire church in that place, consisting of about forty persons, became observers of the Sabbath of the Lord. 1 The oldest body of Sabbath-keepers among the Seventh-day Adventists is therefore at Washington, N.H. Its present number is small, for it has been thinned by emigration and by the ravages of death; but there still remains a small company to bear witness to this ancient truth of the Bible. {1873 JNA, HSFD 500.5}

From this place, several Advent ministers received the Sabbath truth during the year 1844. One of these was Eld. T.M. Preble, who has the honor of first bringing this great truth before the Adventists through the medium of the press. His essay was dated Feb. 13, 1845. He presented briefly the claims of the Bible Sabbath, and showed that it was not changed by the Saviour, but was changed by the great apostasy. He then said: – {1873 JNA, HSFD 501.1} “Thus we see Dan.7:25, fulfilled, the little horn changing ‘times and laws.’ Therefore it appears to methat all who keep the first day for the Sabbath, are Pope’s Sunday-keepers, and God’s Sabbath breakers.” 1 {1873 JNA, HSFD 501.2}

After the great disappointment the Sabbath rest and the Sanctuary and its importance once again came into the picture and is directly associated with God’s denominated people. Those who receive the truths given from 1840 – 1844 also enter into the covenant promise of rest which is revealed by the 2520 that new Covenant promise found in Jeremiah 31:33, Hebrews 8:10 & 10:16. The Southern Kingdom the lineage of Judah went into captivity through Manasseh in 677 even though Manasseh repented the curse had started. When that curse concluded in 1844 on October 22nd of that year the New and final dispensation arrived in History our Lord’s work in the Most Holy Place and the Atonement had begun. As the grass started to once again grow as the Beast was removed from the field the understanding of the Sabbath entered into the picture. There has been a drought in Adventism and that is when we left the understanding of the events that transpired from 1840-44. Once this understanding returned to Adventism the rain started to sprinkle once again (deu 32:2). Before it was the dew that kept the grass alive now the sprinkling of the latter rain has begun and the grass has once again started to grow, that is the understanding of God’s word which is based upon the old paths the old ways once again is revitalizing God’s denominated people. For we SDA are in the lineage of the line of Judah, the lineage of Christ, God’s denominated people. This wonderfully harmonizes Daniel, Leviticus, Judges, Revelation, Ezekiel, Isaiah and all the scripture through the golden thread that goes throughout God’s word. It reveals the Glory of God and it only He our Creator, Maker, Redeemer, Lord and Brother that could do something like this. This is only an outline the richness of this message will without question be our study throughout the ages to come.

Deu 32:2-4  My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass:  (3)  Because I will publish the name of the LORD: ascribe ye greatness unto our God.  (4)  He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

H7620 שׁבעה  /  שׁבע  /  שׁבוּע     shâbûa‛  /  shâbûa‛  /  shebû‛âh

BDB Definition:

1) seven, period of seven (days or years), heptad, week

1a) period of seven days, a week

1a1) Feast of Weeks

1b) heptad, seven (of years)

Part of Speech: noun masculine

A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: properly, passive participle of H7650 as a denominative of H7651

Strongs H7620 שׁבעה    שׁבע    שׁבוּע   shâbûa‛  shâbûa‛  shebû‛âh

shaw-boo’-ah, shaw-boo’-ah, sheb-oo-aw’

Properly passive participle of H7650 as a denominative of H7651; literally sevened, that is, a week (specifically of years): – seven, week.


H7651 שׁבעה  /  שׁבע   sheba‛  /  shib‛âh

BDB Definition:

1) seven (cardinal number)

1a) as ordinal number

1b) in combination – 17, 700 etc

Part of Speech: noun masculine or feminine

A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: from H7650

Same Word by TWOT Number: 2318

Strongs:  H7651 שׁבעה    שׁבע     sheba‛  shib‛âh  sheh’-bah, shib-aw’

From H7650; a primitive cardinal number; seven (as the sacred full one); also (adverbially) seven times; by implication a week; by extension an indefinite number: -  (+ by) seven ([-fold], -s, [-teen, -teenth], -th, times). Compare H7658.

Etymology de- (“from”) +‎ nominative (“naming”)

Adjective denominative (not comparable)

  1. deriving from a noun, or from an adjective, such as the verb destruct from the noun destruction.
  2. being a name

Etymology The word comes from Latin participium,[2] a calque of Greek metochḗ “partaking” or “sharing”,[3] because the Ancient Greek and Latin participles share in the properties of the adjective or noun (gender, number, and case) and of the verb (tense and voice).

Adverbial and adjectival

In some languages, a distinction between adverbial participle and adjectival participle can be made. See причастие and деепричастие in Russian grammar, határozói igenév and melléknévi igenév in Hungarian grammar, or imiesłów in Polish grammar. Also many Eskimo languages make such a distinction, see for details e.g. the sophisticated participle system of Sireniki Eskimo.

Perfect passive ; The perfect passive participle is the past participle expressed in the passive voice, for example; The dog, having been praised by its master, was happy, or more commonly, The dog, praised by its master, was happy.

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5 Responses to Short Study of the 2520 by Randy Moeller

  1. Kurt Weber says:

    Thank you brother Randy Moeller.
    Do have any correspondance study that i can do?
    I life in South Africa and would appreciate it.
    Blessings kurt

  2. Michael Pence says:

    I have really enjoyed your present truth message on the 2520. Your logical and easy to understand approach to this foundational truth is inspiring to me and my family. I pray that your able to continue the work just as it was presented by our Advetist founders. Keep it coming! We can all use the encouraging message because the more I speak with my Adventist brothers and sisters about the truth, the greater the opposition.
    Your brother in the faith
    Michael Pence

  3. did not God proclaim another 2520 message ,this is concerning in daniel we have mene mene tekel upharsin,we arrive at an interestinfg figure as follows mene=50 shekels mene =50 shekels tekel =1 shekel.upharsin=25 shekels total 126 ezekiel it says and the shekel shall be 20 multiply the 126 shekels with 20 gerahs we arrive at 2520 the message written on the wall is a proclamation of the same 2520 you not agree.

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